Current gaps in legal and policy frameworks
The paper illustrates how, across the 10 EU countries reviewed, there is a significant difference in the quality of integration laws and policies affecting people with humanitarian protection. It is also found that legal conditions for people with humanitarian protection are less favorable than for those with refugee or subsidiary protection. Humanitarian status holders are therefore facing a lower standard of integration experience based on their status. Using NIEM indicators, the paper reveals that Member States seem to be reluctant to adopt inclusive policies for the long-term integration of humanitarian status holders, who often have a very precarious legal status and are unable to settle down in the country.
Subsequently, the paper recommends for EU Member States to reassess the use of humanitarian protection, and — at the very least — for improved conditions and treatment of humanitarian status holders in line with refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection.